Continent of Europe – the world’s most densely populated continent
• The continent of Europe is the sixth continent in the world. Only the continent of Australia is smaller than this. Europe is the only continent which, despite being the most densely populated continent of the world, is very rich and developed.
It is 1/5 of the continent of Asia. It extends from 650 east longitude to 24 ° west longitude and between 35 ° north latitude to 71 ° northern latitudes.
• Its coast is very rough. Hence, there are many islands, peninsulas and bays in it.
Europe has the Barents Sea in the north, the Atlantic Ocean in the west and the Mediterranean Sea in the south. The Ural festival and the Caspian Sea in the east and the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains in the south separate it from Asia.
Europe has water on three sides, so it is called the peninsular continent. Most of Europe is in the temperate zone. Europe’s climate is mild, even when located at high latitudes.
Europe CONTINENT MINERALS
Europe has wide coal reserves. About one third of the world’s coal is extracted from Europe. The best type of coal is found in the Rur Basin of Germany and the Saar Basin in northern France and Belgium.
The Penine mountain range of Great Britain and the Donuts Basin of Ukraine are also coal-rich regions. Roor is also called the industrial heart of Europe.
• England (UK) ranks fifth in the world in steel production. The best iron in Europe is found in the Kiruna region of Sweden.
Portugal is the largest tungsten producing country in Europe. Italy is famous for the production of citrus fruits.
• Russia ranks first in nickel production and second in the world in tungsten production.
In Europe, whole sugar is made from beetroot. Here 50% of the world is beet. France, Germany and Italy are the major sugar beet producing countries.
• Polder: To meet the scarcity of agricultural land, the marshes of the coastal parts of Eastern Europe are dried and made arable, called polders. The Netherlands has gained a lot of land from the sea by making polders.
• In Europe there are mainly alpine grasslands (Switzerland and Romonia) and steppe grass lands (in Ukraine, Belarus etc.). Switzerland’s alpine plains are covered with snow during the winter season.
• Major creeks located in this continent are the Bay of Biscay, the Gulf of Bothania, the Gulf of Eiffland, the Gulf of Lion, the Gulf of Genoa and the Gulf of Venice.
• Pyrenees (France-Spain) Alps (France Italy), Central Massif + (France), Epinine (Italy), Balkans (Bulgaria), Caucasus Mountains (Georgia, Armenia and Azar Baijan), Kathian Mountains (Slovakia, Ukraine and Romania) The main mountain ranges of Europe are the Ural Mountains (bordering Europe and Asia), Cambian (England), Scandanavian Mountains (Norway, Sweden) and Alpine Feast (Southern Europe).
France’s Mount Blanc ‘mountain peak is the highest peak in the Alps mountain range. Mount Elbush, located in the Caucasus Mountains, is the highest mountain peak in the European continent.
Major rivers of Europe CONTINENT
* Bolga: It is the largest river in Europe originating from Valdia Hills in the north of the cracks and falls in the Caspian Sea.
– Danube: It is the second largest river in Europe. It originates from the Black Forest Mountains south of Jamni and flows into Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Algeria and Romania and falls into the Black Sea. The cities of Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bratislava, Jovisad and Chukharest are located on the Danube River.
• Seine River: Flows from the hills of the eastern part of France and flows into France and falls in the English Channel in the north. Paris is situated on this river.
• Rhone River: It flows south of France and falls in the Gulf of Lion in the Mediterranean. It also touches the western border of Switzerland. Lyons and Geneva are situated on this river.
. Garonne River: It originates from the Pirenose Mountains and flows into France and falls in the Gulf of Jiscay.
• River Thames: This river flowing south of England falls in the North Sea. London is situated on the River Iso.
• Tweed River: The rivers of Scotland which fall into the North Sea.
• Shenan River: The main river of Achland that flows westward and falls into the Atlantic Ocean
• Rhine River: It originates from the Lake of Constirice, situated on the border of Switzerland and Germany, and flows into Jamni and the Netherlands and falls in the North Sea. On its coast lies the city of Bonn, Cologne Frankfurt, Germany. This river is famous for the Rift Valley.
Loire River: originates from the east of France and falls into the Bay of Biscay. On this, the city of Orleans in France is asha.
• Basar River: It originates from Central Germany and falls in the North Sea.
• Elb River: It originates from the Czech Republic and flows into Germany and falls in the North Sea. The city of Hamburg, Wadresten, Germany, is situated on this river.
• Oder River: After crossing the eastern border of the Czech Republic flows into Poland and falls into the Baltic Sea, forming the border of Germany. Ballin is situated on the Spree river between the Alub and Oder rivers.
• Hron River: Slovakia river that joins the Danube on the southern border of Hungary and Slovak.
• Timber River: originates from the Epinine Mountains in Italy and falls in the Mediterranean Sea. Rome is situated on this river.
• Vistula River: The river of Poland which falls in the Baltic Sea into Danzig Bay. Warsaw is located on the Vistula River.
• Ural River: It flows out of the Ural Mountains and flows into Kazakhstan and falls in the Caspian Sea.
• Dnieper River: It flows into Belarus and Ukraine and falls in Kalsagar in the south of Europe.
• Don River: flows south of Russia and falls into the Sea of Azov.
• Tagus River: The longest river in Spain which falls in the Atlantic Ocean
• Po River: This river flows into the northern part of Italy and falls in the Adriatic Sea.
• Nester River: It originates from the Carpathian Mountains and flows into the Black Sea, flowing into Ukraine and Moldova.
• Abo River: It originates from the Spanish mountains of Spain and falls in the Mediterranean Sea.
English Channel: This underwater tunnel connects England with France by rail route. This tunnel was completed in 1994. This rail route is the main route connecting Britain and France.
• Maritasa Valley of Bulgaria is famous all over the world for rose flowers.
• Cultivation of tulip flowers of the Netherlands is famous.
• France is famous for its vineyards. Wine is mainly made from grapes here. French wine is famous all over the world for its superiority. Champagne, made from grapes in the Champagne district near Paris, is world famous.
Munich (Germany) is also famous for its wine factories.
• The dairy industry is booming in countries around the North Sea. Denmark is famous for its dairy industry.
Dagar Bank and Great Fisher Bank of the North Sea are important fishing areas.
• The United Kingdom includes England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland and the Cud Islands.